Wrk presented today at the Goldschmidt Geochemistry Conference in Sacramento, California shows that the timing of the giant impact between Earth's ancestor and a planet-sized body occurred around 40 million years after the start of solar system formation. This means that the final stage of Earth's formation is around 60 million years older than previously thought.
n the video above, the temperature of the air is much colder than the temperature of the water. The water in the lake has yet to freeze. The freezing air has very little water vapor in it (that's why it's so dry). The lower the temperature gets, the less water vapor can stay in the air. The point at which water in it's gas form turns into liquid water is called the dew point. This interaction between the temperature and water and the dew point is how you gets things like clouds, fog, dew on the ground, frost, etc.